اثر کاربرد جلبک قهوه‌ای و ورمیکمپوست بر برخی صفات گوجه‌فرنگی گیلاسی در سیستم هیدروپونیک

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد اگرواکولوژی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد مشهد مشهد، ایران

2 استادیار گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد مشهد-ایران

3 دانشیار گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد مشهد مشهد، ایران

چکیده

به ‌منظور تعیین اثر سطوح مختلف عصارۀ جلبک قهوه‌ای Ascophyllum nodosum و عصاره ورمی‌کمپوست بر عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد گوجه‌فرنگی گیلاسی، آزمایشی گلدانی به ‌صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح پایه کاملاً تصادفی با سه تکرار در گلخانه­ای در مشهد در سال 93-1392 به صورت آبکشت انجام شد. ‌تیمارهای آزمایش‌ جلبک قهوه­ای و عصاره ورمی کمپوست در غلظت‌های 0، 2، 4 و 6 در هزار بود. ابتدا بذور گوجه فرنگی گیلاسی در غلظت‌های مذکور از هر تیمار خیسانده شده و در سینی کشت قرار گرفتند، نشای تولید شده گوجه‌فرنگی چهار یا پنج برگی به بستر کشت 1:1 پیت ماس و پرلیت منتقل شدند.. شاخص­های رشدی شامل تعداد برگ و ارتفاع گیاه، قطر ساقه، وزن تر و خشک ساقه و صفات کیفی شامل ویتامین ث و اسیدیته میوه در انتهای آزمایش مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفتند. با  کاربرد این دو کود بیولوژیک ویژگی­های گیاه به طور محسوسسی بهبود یافت. افزایش غلظت در هر دو نوع کود بیولوژیک سبب بهبود ویژگی­های کمی و کیفی در گوجه­فرنگی گیلاسی گردید.. در مجموع کاربرد این دو نوع کود در غلظت 6 در هزار برای افزایش کیفیت و کمیت گوجه­فرنگی گیلاسی را می­توان توصیه نمود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of brown algae and vermicompost application on some cherry tomato traits in hydroponic system

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sahar Araghian 1
  • Ali Bagherzadeh 2
  • Reza Sadrabadi 3
1 Master ofAgroecology student Agronomy and Plant Breeding Department Mashhad Branch Islamic Azad University Mashhad, Iran
2 Assistant Professor ofAgronomy and Plant Breeding Department Mashhad Branch Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran
3 Associate Professor ofAgronomy and Plant Breeding Department Mashhad Branch Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran
چکیده [English]

To study the effect of brown algae Ascophyllum nodosum and vermicompost extracts on yield and yield components of cherry tomato, a pot experiment based on a completely randomized design in factorial with three replications was conducted in greenhouse condition in Mashhad during 2013-2014 as hydroponic system. Experimental treatments were brown algae and vermicompost extract in 0, 2, 4, 6 per thousand concentrations. Cherry tomato used seeds were soaked in mentioned concentration of each treatments immediately put in cultivation tray. To prepare container seeds field a mixed containing 50% peatmoss and 50% perlite was used. After the tomato seedlings became in the form of 4 to 5 leaves, they were transferred into peat moss and perlite hydroponic system. Growth factors include the number of leaves and plant height, stem diameter, wet and dry weight of stem and quality traits including fruit vitamin C and pH were evaluated at the end of the experiment. Both biofertilizers improved quantitative and qualitative characteristics of plant compared to control. All parameters were increased specially using higher level of biofertilizers. On the whole, using both of fertilizers in 6 per thousand level can be recommended for cherry tomato quality and quantity improvement

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Ascophyllum nodosum
  • Biofertilizer
  • bioaminopalis
  • ecological production
  • Marmarin fertilizer
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