اثر محلول پاشی برگی با کلات کلسیم و اسیدهای آمینه بر وضعیت تغذیه ای، کلروفیل و سطح برگ سیب رقم گلدن دلیشز و گرانی اسمیت

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

چکیده

تغذیه متعادل عناصر غذایی و مواد آلی از مهمترین فاکتورهای مؤثر بر عملکرد و کیفیت محصول درختان سیب می­باشد. تیمارها شامل محلول­پاشی با کلات کلسیم و اسید آمینه با غلظت صفر و 2 و 4 در هزار و در سه مرحله (بعد از فندقی شدن تا قبل از برداشت ماهی یک بار) به صورت محلول­پاشی روی درخت سیب اعمال شد. صفات مورد ارزیابی شامل میزان کلروفیل، میانگین سطح برگ و میزان عناصر غذایی نیتروژن میوه، فسفر میوه، پتاسیم میوه بودند. نوع پایه تأثیر معنی­داری بر میزان عناصر غذایی، میزان کلروفیل و سطح برگ داشت و میزان تجمع عناصر غذایی و سطح برگ در رقم گرانی­اسمیت و میزان کلروفیل در گلدن دلیشز بیشتر بود. کاربرد کلات کلسیم، سبب افزایش میزان فسفر، پتاسیم و کلسیم در میوه نسبت به شاهد شد. همچنین اثر اسیدهای آمینه بر کلروفیل برگ، میانگین سطح برگ و مقادیر نیتروژن، پتاسیم و کلسیم میوه در سطح احتمال 1% معنی­دار بود. محلول پاشی کلات کلسیم به همراه اسیدهای آمینه بیشترین تأثیر را در رقم گرانی اسمیت نسبت به رقم گلدن دلیشیز از خود نشان داد. محلول­پاشی کلات کلسیم و اسیدهای آمینه 4% بیشترین تاثیر را بر تجمع عناصر غذایی در میوه رقم گرانی اسمیت از خود نشان داد. با توجه به نقش مثبت کلات کلسیم و اسید­آمینه در بهبود صفات اندازه­گیری شده ­­در مناطق با آب و هوا و خاک مشابه محل اجرای آزمایش  برای سیب رقم گرانی اسمیت توصیه می شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of foliar application calcium chelated and amino acid on nutritional status, chlorophyll and leaf area surface of Golden Delicious and Granny Smith

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Arabloo
  • Ali Imani
  • Mousa Rasouli
  • Masoud Shahmoradi
چکیده [English]

Balanced nutrition mineral and organic matter is the most important factors affecting the yield and quality of apple trees. Treatment with calcium chelate and amino acid solution with a concentration of 0, 2, 4 per thousand, and three have been sprayed (After the sprouts before harvest once a month). Chlorophyll content, leaf area surface, average nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium fruits were determined. The results of these experiments suggest that the type of rootstock had significant impact on the amount of mineral elements, chlorophyll content and leaf area surface. A maximum concentration of mineral elements and leaf area surface in the Granny Smith and chlorophyll content in Golden Delicious were observed. The use of calcium chelated showed the highest phosphorus, potassium and calcium than control fruits. The results showed that the effect of amino acids on chlorophyll content, leaf area surface, nitrogen, potassium and calcium were significant at the 1% level. The results show that foliar application calcium chelate and amino acids have the greatest impact on the Granny Smith in comparison with Golden delicious. Chelated calcium and amino acids at 4% had greatest impact on nutrient status in Granny Smith. Therefore, regarding to beneficial effects of chelate calcium and amino acid on improved the traits measured may be recommended for Granny smith in the study area and in the similar regions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Foliar application
  • fruit quality
  • marketability
  • mineral elements
  • Plant nutrition
  • Storage
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