اثر کاربرد توأم ورمی کمپوست و کود گاوی بر رشد و گلدهی اطلسی (Petunia hybrida)

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

چکیده

اطلسی یکی از رایج­ترین و مهمترین گل­های مورد استفاده در فضای سبز می­باشد. این تحقیق با هدف تعیین اثر ورمی کمپوست و کود گاوی بر رشد و گلدهی اطلسی انجام شد. آزمایش به صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح پایه کاملاً تصادفی با سه تکرار در گلخانه صورت گرفت. در این تحقیق تأثیر کاربرد ترکیب ورمی کمپوست و تیمار کود گاوی در زمان کاشت و در سه سطح 15، 30 و 45% حجمی برای هر تیمار کودی بررسی شد. صفاتی مثل ارتفاع بوته، تعداد برگ، تعداد گل در بوته، قطر گل، وزن تر و خشک ساقه و ریشه سه ماه بعد از کاشت اندازه­گیری شد­ند. نتایج نشان دادند که کاربرد توأم کود گاوی و ورمی کمپوست زیر سطح 30% حجمی تأثیر معنی­داری در افزایش صفات مورفولوژیکی مورد اندازه­گیری نداشت. تیمارهای 30% و 45% از ورمی کمپوست در ترکیب با کود­ گاوی به میزان 45% به عنوان بهترین تیمار­ها  شناسایی شد و در تمام صفات مورد اندازه­گیری به جز تعداد برگ بین این دو تیمار اختلاف معنی­داری وجود نداشت. بنا­بر­این، با توجه به اهمیت کودهای آلی در نظام کشاورزی پایدار، کاربرد ترکیب توأم این دو کود به نسبت 30% حجمی ورمی کمپوست و 45% حجمی کود­ گاوی به منظور افزایش رشد رویشی و اندازه بوته و از طرف دیگر افزایش تعداد و اندازه گل­ها پیشنهاد می­شود تا شاید از مصرف بی­رویه کودهای شیمیایی و اثرات سوء آن­ها بر فضای سبز جلوگیری شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of vermicompost and cow manure application on growth and flowering of Petunia hybrida

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fereshteh Kamiab
  • Abuzar Khorshidi
  • Mojdeh Heidari salehabad
چکیده [English]

Petunia is one of the most common and important flowers in landscapes. in current study, the effect of vermicompost and cow manure integration on growth and flowering of petunia was investigated at Bam, Kerman Province, Iran, as a factorial experiment in completely randomized design with three replications in greenhouse. The mixture of vermicompost and cow manure in three levels of 15, 30 and 45% of each fertilizer were used in planting time. Morphological traits such as shoot length, dry and fresh weight of shoot and root, number of leaf and flower and flower diameter were measured after three months. The results showed that the application of vermicompost and cow manure under 30% had no significant effect on morphological traits. The application of vermicompost in 30% and 45% with cow manure in 45% increased all of the morphological traits in all measured traits. There weren’t significant difference between these two treatments except leaf number. Considering, organic manures important role in sustainable agriculture,application of these organic manures in amount of vermin compost 30% with cow manure 45% for increasing vegetative growth, bush size, flower number and size in petunia is recommending for decreasing of chemical fertilizers hazards on environment.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Sustainable agriculture
  • Organic manure
  • Organic culture
  • worm
  • Biological fertilizer
  • environment
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