عوامل مؤثر بر پذیرش کشاورزی پایدار ازدیدگاه کلزاکاران استان گلستان

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیارگروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد ساری ساری، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشدگروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد ساری ساری، ایران

چکیده

هدف کلی این تحقیق، شناسایی عوامل مؤثر بر پذیرش کشاورزی پایدار از دیدگاه کلزاکاران بود. ابزار تحقیق پرسشنامه­ای بود که روایی آن توسط متخصصان مورد تأیید و ضریب اعتبار آن نیز با استفاده از نرم­افزار SPSS بین 75/0 تا 85/0 به­دست آمد. جامعه آماری شامل کلیه کلزاکاران استان گلستان در سال زراعی 90- 1389 به تعداد 7543 بود که از این میان، 365 نفر به روش نمونه­گیری تصادفی طبقه­ای تناسبی به­عنوان نمونه آماری با استفاده از جدول کرجسی و مورگان انتخاب و در نهایت، 296 پرسشنامه جمع­آوری گردید. میزان پذیرش و دانش بیشتر کلزاکاران از کشاورزی پایدار در سطوح متوسط و خوب بود. همچنین، رعایت زمان مناسب کاشت، زمان مناسب کوددهی و میزان بذر بیشترین روش­های مورد پذیرش کلزاکاران درباره کشاورزی پایدار بودند. همچنین عوامل مدیریتی، نگرش نسبت به کشاورزی پایدار و میزان استفاده از کانال­های اطلاعاتی مهمترین عوامل پیش­برنده توسعه کشاورزی پایدار بودند. در تحلیل رگرسیون چندگانه خطی متغیر­های میزان مشارکت اجتماعی، میزان مشارکت آموزشی- ترویجی، دانش درباره کشاورزی پایدار و نگرش نسبت به کشاورزی پایدار توانایی تبیین 33/37%از تغییرات میزان پذیرش کشاورزی پایدار توسط کلزاکاران را دارا می باشند. در این راستا، پیشنهاد می­گردد با برگزاری کلاسهای آموزشی و ارایه مشوق­های لازم به کشاورزان، ضمن افزایش میزان دانش و بهبود نگرش آنها، روش­هایی را که به پایداری کشت و تولید کمک می­کند، مورد تأکید و الزام قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Factors affecting on canola farmers’ adoption of sustainable agriculture in Golestan province, Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Amir Ahmadpour 1
  • Mohsen Moradian 2
1 Assistance professor Agricultural Extension and Education Department Islamic Azad University Sari Branch Sari, Iran
2 M.Sc. of Agricultural Extension and Education Department Islamic Azad University Sari Branch Sari, Iran
چکیده [English]

 The study aim was identifying of effective factors on canola farmers’ adoption to sustainable agriculture. The research tools were the questionnaire, which panel of experts had confirmed its validity, and its reliability had been reported from 0.75 to 0.85. The target population of the study consisted of all canola farmers in Golestan province (N=7543), according to Cochran’ formula, a number of 365 people were selected using statistical sampling in a stratified randomization method. Finally, 296 questionnaires were gathered and analyzed (n=296). The knowledge and adoption of canola farmers majority about sustainable agriculture were at moderate and acceptable levels, respectively. The main practices of sustainable agriculture were observing proper time for cultivating, proper time for using chemical fertilizers, and amount of seeds, respectively. Furthermore, the main pushing factors of developing sustainable agriculture were management factor, attitude toward sustainable agriculture, and the amount of using information channels, respectively. In multiple linear regression analysis,social participation, extension-education participation, knowledge about and attitude toward sustainable agriculture”explained37.30 %of the variation of the adoption of sustainable agriculture bycanola farmers.In this regard, it is recommended that training sessions with providing the necessary incentives to farmers,besides increasing knowledge and improving their attitudes, the methods that contribute to the sustainability of crop production should be emphasized

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • farming Innovation
  • soil protection
  • low input
  • alternative agriculture
  • resource conservation
  • efficient water use
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