اثر کودهای آلی بر عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد گلرنگ در شرایط کم آبیاری و آبیاری کامل

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسنده

10.22034/aej.2015.514369

چکیده

به منظور تعیین اثر کودهای آلی بر عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد گلرنگ، آزمایشی در مزرعهی پژوهشی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد شیروان در سال زراعی 92-1391 اجرا شد. تیمارهای آزمایش شامل ورمی کمپوست، کمپوست زبالهی شهری، کود گاوی کاملاً پوسیده و کود شیمیایی بود که در دو محیط آبیاری کامل و کم آبیاری اجرا شد. آزمایش به صورت کرت­های خرد شده در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار اجرا شد. تیمار آبیاری در کرت­های اصلی و تیمارهای کودی در کرت‌های فرعی قرار گرفتند. بیشترین عملکرد دانه در شرایط آبیاری کامل متعلق به تیمارهای کود شیمیایی، 50 تن در هکتار کود دامی، 10 تن در هکتار ورمی کمپوست و 5 تن در هکتار کمپوست زباله شهری بود که با هم اختلاف معنی‌داری نداشتند و در مقایسه با شاهد به ترتیب 9/25%، 4/18%، 4/17% و 15% افزایش عملکرد نشان دادند. در شرایط کم آبیاری استفاده از 15 تن کمپوست زباله‌ی شهری در مقایسه با تمامی تیمارها عملکرد دانه بیشتری تولید نمود و در مقایسه با تیمار کود شیمیایی 7/25% افزایش عملکرد داشت.  بنابراین، در شرایط آبیاری کامل مصرف 5 تن در هکتار کمپوست زباله شهری و در شرایط کم آبیاری مصرف 15 تن در هکتار کمپوست زباله شهری نتیجه مطلوبی داده است و قابل توصیه برای استفاده در زراعت گلرنگ می­باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of organic fertilizers on yield and yield components of safflower in limited and full irrigation condition

نویسنده [English]

  • Seyed Morteza Azimzadeh
چکیده [English]

This study was conducted in Islamic Azad University, Shirvan branch during the growing year in 2012-2013 to determine the effect of organic fertilizers on yield and yield components of safflower. The treatments consisted of vermicompost, urban waste compost, cow manure and chemical fertilizer which were applied in two full and limited irrigated conditions. The experiment was conducted in split plot based on randomized complete block design with three replications. Irrigation and fertilizer treatments were conducted in main plot and sub-plot, respectively. The highest seed yield in full irrigated condition obtained from chemical fertilizer, 50 t/h cow manure, 10 t/h vermicompost and





8





5 t/h urban waste compost treatments which had no significant difference with each other but in comparison with check increased seed yield up to 25.9%, 18.4%, 17.4%  and 15% , respectively. The highest seed obtained from the application of 15 t/h urban waste compost and was increased 25.7% seed yield in comparison with chemical fertilizer. Therefore, application of 5 t/h urban waste compost in full irrigation condition and 15 t/h in limited irrigation condition had desirable results and it is recommended for safflower production but further studies are needed to confirm these results.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Chemical Fertilizer
  • Cow manure
  • Sustainable agriculture
  • urban waste compost
  • vermicompost
1. Aghavani Shajari M, Rezvanimoghaddam P, Ghorbani R, Nassiri –Mahallati M ( 2011) Effect of
application of organic, biological and chemical fertilizer on seed yield of coriander. International
Conference, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in Generating Of New Values in 21st Century. 188 17- 18
(in Persian).
2. Ardakani MR (2005) Ecology. Tehran University. (In Persian).
3. Amiri MB, Koocheki AR, Nasiri Mehallati M, Jahan M (2005) Simultaneously application of
biofertilizer with organic manure in Tomato ecological production. Regional Congress of Crop
Production Methods And Resources Sustainable Management. Islamic Azad University, Astara Branch
(in Persian).
4. Amin Gafouri A, Rezvani Moghddam P, Nasiri Mehallati M (2010) Effect of organic manure on yield
and yield components of Ricinus sativus. First National Congress of Sustainable Agriculture and
Development and Safe Crop Production. Isfahan. ( in Persian).
5. Azimzadeh SM, Taliee A (2003) Pattern and probabilities of rainfall in North of Khorasan and it’s effect
on dry farming conditions. Agricultural Aridity and Drought. Scientific and Extension Quarterly of Jihad
Agriculture. Fall 2003. ( in Persian).
6. Fallahi F, Koocheki AR, Rezvani Moghadam P (2008) Evaluation of the effect of organic manure on
quantitative indices, essence and Kamazoline in medicinal plant of German matricaria. Agricultural
Researches: Water, Soil and Plant in Agriculture. 8: 140-147 (in Persian).
7. Hameeda B, Rupela OP, Reddy G, Satyavani K (2006) Application of plant growth- promoting bacteria
associated with composts and macrofauna for growth promoting of Pearl millet ( Pennisetum glaucum
L). Biology and Fertility of Soils 44: 260-266.
8. Joodi Z, Movahhedi Naieni A (2007) Effect of Zeolit amendment and compost on soil moisture
conservation and evaporation. Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resource Sciences 4: 123-127 (in
Persian).
9. Kamkar B, Mahdavi Damghani A (2008) Principles of sustainable agriculture. Jihad of Mashhad
University Publication (in Persian).
10. Kaviani A, Liaghat A, Sohrabi T, Afshar Asl M (2008) Evaluation of Nitrate leaching trend to the under
rhizosphere region in Karaj fields with application of geographical information system. Agriculture
Journal, 7: 150-113 (in Persian).
11. Khajahpoor LY (2004) Industrial plants (2nd edition). Jihad of Mashhad University Publication. Iran (in
Persian).
12. Lal R (1995) The role of residues management in sustainable agricultural systems. Journal of Sustainable
Agriculture 4: 51-76.
13. Lellahgani Dazki B, Koocheki AR, Nasiri Mahalati M (2006) Effect of manure fertilizer and planting
depth on phonological stages and yield of potato tuber. Journal of Iranian Field Crops Research 2: 347-
355 ( in Persian).
14. Mahmoudi H, Mahdavi Damghani A, Liaghati H (2008) Principles of organic agriculture. Jihad of
Mashhad University Publication ( in Persian).
15. Mciginnis M, Cooke A, Bilderback T, Lorescheider M (2003) Organic fertilizer for basal transplant
production. Acta Horticulture, 491, 213-218.
16. Naraki F (2001) Safflower. Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization. Extension
department (in Persain).
17. Rezvani Moghadam P, Bakhshayi S, Amin Ghafouri A, Khorramdel S (2009) Effect of Biological and
vermicompost fertilizers on quantitative features of medicinal plant of sweet fennel. Scientific Congress of
Development of Industry of Iran Medicinal Plant. Tehran (in Persian).
18. Rezvani Moghadam P, Khorramdel S, Shabahang J, Amin ghafouri A, Asadi GA (2011) Evaluation of
effect of different levels of mushroom compost on correlation coefficient between diversity index of weed
plants and yield of Saffron stigma. The 2nd National Congress of Biological Diversity and it’s Effect on
Agriculture and Environment. Oroumiyeh (in Persian).
19. Rezvani Moghadam P, Mohamad Abadi AA, Moradi RA (2010) Evaluation of the effect of manure and
chemical fertilizers on yield and yield components of Sesame plant in different plant densities. Agricultural
Ecology Journal. 2: 256-265 (in Persian).
20. Saeed Nejhad A H, Rezvani Moghadam P (2010) Evaluation of consumption of compost, vermicompost
and manure fertilizers on yield, yield components of Cumin and essence percentage. Horticulture Sciences
Journal 2: 142-148 (In Persian).
21. Seyedi SM, Rezvani Moghadam P (2011) Evaluation of yield, yield components and Nitrogen consumption
efficiency in application of mushroom compost, biological fertilizer and urea in wheat. Agricultural
Ecology Journal. 3: 313-323 (in Persian).
22. Tahami Zarandi S M K, Rezvani Moghadam P, Jahan M (2009) Effect of Municipal Compost and some
of biofertilizer on yield, yield components of medicinal plant of basil. The First National Agricultural
Conference and Sustainable Development, Forwarded Opportunities and Challenges. 10 and 11st of March.
Islamic Azad University of Shiraz ( in Persian).
23. Tabrizi L, Koocheki AR, Rezvani Moghaddam P, Nassiri Mahallati M, Bannayan M (2009) Effect of
irrigation and organic manure on Khorasan Thyme. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science. 3: 317-326.
(In persian).