عنوان مقاله [English]
Optimal sowing date of canola is limited in south and north of Khuzestan province of Iran by rotation, water, soil and climate conditions and so determination of the relationship between yield and yield components with planting date is necessary. In order to determine the effect of sowing date on the yield and yield components of two canola cultivars, an experiment was carried out as split plot based on a randomize complete block design with four replications during 2004-2005. Seven planting dates were allocated to the main plots and two canola cultivars were arranged in subplots. Based on the results, delay in canola planting caused significant decrease in yield and yield components, seed germination percentage, flowering and maturity duration, plant stem height and significant increase of planting to emergence period. There was significant negative correlation between planting date and yield at %1 probability level. Optimal planting date was October 22 and results revealed decreasing trend in Hyola401 hybrid and RGS003 cultivar yield in non optimal planting dates. In conclution, planting Hyola401 during October 22 to November 12 was recommended and if it was not possible, RGS003 planting during October 22 to Novemer 22 could be advisable.
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