بررسی عملکرد نتاج حاصل از بذور حقیقی آزاد گرده افشان و هیبرید در سیب زمینی

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه آزدا اسلامی واحد اردبیل

2 عضو هیات علمی گروه باغبانی دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه تبریز

3 دانشجوی رشته مهندسی کشاورزی دانشگاه آزد اسلامی واحد اردبیل


عنوان مقاله [English]

Yield evaluation in progeny of open pollination and hybrid true potato seeds families

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ebrahim Fataei 1
  • Jaber Panahande 2
  • Esrafil Fayyazi, 3
1 Islamic Azad University of Ardebil
2 Agronogy and plant breeding department Tabriz university
3 Agriculture faculty, Hurticulture group
چکیده [English]

ln order  to  evaluation    the  possibility of  true potato seed application    for potato  production,   An experiment conducted with six  true potato  seed families   includeing   three open pollination   Aula,   Kaizer and Dessire cultivars and three hybrid  families from  the crosses of paeizeh   x Dessire, paeizeh  x Kaizer and Aula x  Kaizer   in Ardebil Azad University   Agriculture   research  station.   Some agronomic   traits  such  as seedling stability,    Plant   hight,   number of stems,   plant  vigor,   number of tubers,   yield and tuber dry matter   were measured. The results of ANOVA showed that  there is  no significant   differences among  families  in  terms  of plant  hight, number of stems, seedling   stability and dry matter,  however differences   in  number of tubers, tubers   weight  and plant  vigor  were significant.    Paeizeh   x Dessire,   Payezeh x Kaizer with average of 21.3 and 20.4 tubers per plant  had the highest  and Kaizer  and Dczireh open pollination   with  average of 8 and 6.5 had the lowest  number of tubers per plant respectively.   Also  ranks of plant vigor  in Paeizeh   xDessirc  hybrid with the average of 3  and open pollination of Dessire with  the average of l.7 were the  highest   and lowest amounts respectively.    Also,   hybrid families were superiar   than open polliantions    in  term  of yield,   So that Paeizeh  =Desstre  with 20460 kg/ha was the highest  yielding   and Dessire  open pollination   with  6060 kg/ha was the least  yielding   families.  Analysis  of correlation  coefficient   showed   that  there are significant   positive relations   between yield   and agronomic traits includeing number of stems, number of tubers,   plant   vigor, seedling  success and plant hight.

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