اثرات توازن الکترولیت های جیره بر عملکرد و کیفیت پوسته ی تخم مرغ مرغ های تخم گذار در شرایط تنش گرمایی و حرارتی خنثی در مرحله ی اول تخم گذاری

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی مراغه

2 استاد دانشگاه تهران

3 عضو هیأت علمی واحد علوم و تحقیقات دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی تهران

چکیده

  این آزمایش جهت ارزیابی اثرات سطوح مختلف توازن الکترولیت های جیره (سدیم+ پتاسیم ـ کلر) بر عملکرد و کیفیت پوسته تخم مرغ مرغ های تخم گذار در شرایط تنش گرمایی و حرارتی خنثی در مرحله اول تخم گذاری در دو سالن جداگانه و در هر سالن با تعداد 256 قطعه مرغ تخم گذار سویه های- لاینW- 36  ازسن 24 تا 34 هفتگی در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی با چهار تیمار و چهار تکرار انجام گرفت. جیره های مورد استفاده دارای سطوح الکترولیتی 0، 120، 240 و 360 میلی اکی والان در کیلوگرم بودند که با استفاده از مقادیر مختلف نمک طعام، بی کربنات سدیم، بی کربنات پتاسیم و کلرید آمونیوم فرموله گردیدند. عملکرد مرغ ها در شرایط تنش گرمایی و حرارتی خنثی تحت تأثیر سطوح توازن الکترولیتی جیره های غذایی قرار نگرفت. در رابطه با کیفیت پوسته تخم مرغ در شرایط تنش گرمایی، وزن پوسته و وزن واحد سطح آن و در شرایط حرارتی خنثی، وزن مخصوص، وزن پوسته، ضخامت پوسته، درصد خاکستر پوسته و وزن واحد سطح به طور معنی داری تحت تأثیر سطوح مختلف توازن الکترولیتی جیره های غذایی قرار گرفتند (05/0>P). با افزایش سطوح الکترولیتی جیره ها از 120 تا 360 میلی اکی والان در کیلوگرم، صفات مربوط به کیفیت پوسته در اغلب موارد بهبود یافتند. بنابراین افزایش توازن الکترولیتی جیره ها به 360 میلی اکی والان در کیلوگرم در شرایط تنش گرمایی و حرارتی خنثی در مرحله اول تخم گذاری می تواند باعث بهبود کیفیت پوسته تخم مرغ گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effects of dietary electrolyte balance on performance and eggshell quality of laying hens exposed to heat stress and thermo neutral condition in early laying period.

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Nobakht 1
  • Mahmoud Shivazad 2
  • Mohammad Chamani 3
  • Ali Reza Safamehr 1
1 Scientific Board of Islamic Azad University, Maragheh Branch
2 Professor in Animal Science, Tehran University
3 Scientific Board of Islamic Azad University of Tehran, Science and Research Branch
چکیده [English]

 This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of different dietary electrolyte balance on performance and egg quality in early period of egg production under heat stress and thermo neutral condition. This experiment was done on hens that were in early of egg production period. Number of 256 Hy- line W-36 laying hens from 24 to 34 weeks of age were placed in two separated experimental room under heat stress and thermo neutral condition. Each experiment was carried out in a completely randomized design. Diets were formulated with inclusions of NaCl, NaHCO3, KHCO3 and NH4Cl to give different dietary electrolyte balances (DEB) as 0, 120, 240 and 360 mEq/kg and were fed to laying hens for 10 weeks. Results of these experiments showed that performance of laying hens were not significantly affected by diets of various DEB in both heat stress and thermo neutral conditions. Eggshell quality were significantly affected by DEB (p<0.05). Under heat stress, eggshell weight and egg weight/surfaces and under thermo neutral condition, egg specific gravity, eggshell weight, eggshell thickness, eggshell ash and egg weight/surfaces were significantly affected by DEB and improved by increasing dietary electrolyte balance from 120 to 360 mEq/kg in many cases. In conclusion, increasing DEB to 360 mEq/kg in early period of egg production in heat stress and thermo neutral condition can improve eggshell quality.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Electrolyte Balance
  • heat stress
  • laying hens
  • Eggshell Quality
  • Thermo Neutral
 

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