بررسی اثرات تراکم کشت بر عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد ارقام برنج (Oryza sativa L.) در شرایط اقلیمی غرب گیلان

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد آستارا

چکیده

   به منظورتعیین مناسب‌ترین تراکم کشت بر روی عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد ارقام برنج، آزمایشی به‏صورت فاکتوریل با دو عامل تراکم کشت در پنج سطح (1  ، 3 ، 5 ، 7 و 9 نشاء در هر کپه) و پنج رقم برنج (هاشمی، درفک، لاین 338، ندا و سپیدرود)، در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی در 3 تکرار در سال زراعی 1387در آستارا انجام گرفت. صفات ارتفاع بوته، طول پانیکول، وزن هزاردانه، تعداد پنجه در بوته، تعداد دانه در هر پانیکول، تعداد دانه پوک در هر پانیکول، تعداد دانه پر در هر پانیکول، عملکرد شلتوک هر کپه، بیوماس هر کپه، شاخص برداشت، بیوماس کل کرت، عملکرد شلتوک در واحد کرت و هکتار مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که بین ارقام مورد مطالعه از لحاظ صفات ارتفاع بوته، طول پانیکول، تعداد پنجه در بوته، تعداد دانه در پانیکول، تعداد دانه پر و پوک در پانیکول، بیوماس کپه، بیوماس کرت، عملکرد شلتوک کرت و هکتار و بین تراکم‌های مورد مطالعه از لحاظ صفات طول پانیکول، تعداد پنجه در بوته، تعداد دانه در پانیکول، تعداد دانه پر در پانیکول، شاخص برداشت، بیوماس کل کرت، عملکرد شلتوک کرت و هکتار اختلاف معنی‌داری وجود دارد. اثر متقابل واریته در تراکم برای صفات طول پانیکول، وزن هزار دانه، شاخص برداشت، بیوماس کل کرت، عملکرد شلتوک کرت و هکتار معنی‌دار بود. بیشترین عملکرد مربوط به تراکم سه نشاء در هر کپه (4809 کیلوگرم در هکتار) بود. از نظر عملکرد، به غیر از لاین 338 که کمترین عملکرد (2859 کیلوگرم در هکتار) را داشت، بین سایر ارقام ( با عملکردی بین 3962 الی 4714 کیلوگرم در هکتار) اختلاف معنی‌داری مشاهده نگردید. رقم سپیدرود با تراکم نه نشاء و یک نشاء در هر کپه به ترتیب (600/ 6266 و 200/1372 کیلوگرم) بیشترین و کمترین عملکرد را داشت. در بین ارقام مورد مطالعه، تراکم کشت یک نشاء در هر کپه برای رقم ندا و نه نشاء در هر کپه برای رقم سپیدرود قابل توصیه بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of plant density on yield and yield components of rice (Oryza sativa L.) in climatic condition of the west part of Guilan Province, Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Farzin Saiedzadeh
  • reza tagizadeh
  • davar molazem
Scientific Board of the Islamic Azad University, Astara Branch, Iran.
چکیده [English]

This study was conducted to determine the most suitable plant density on the yield and yield components of
rice varieties. A factorial experiment based on a randomized complete block design with three replications was performed in Astara region in 2008. Two factors were considered in this experiment, consisting of plant density at five levels (1, 3, 5, 7 and 9 seedling in each hill) and five varieties (Hashemi, Dorfac, Line 338, Neda and Sepidrood). Physiological and morphological characteristics like plant height, panicle length, 1000 seeds weight, number of tillers in plant, number of kernel per panicle, number of empty and filled seeds per panicle, paddy yield in hill, biomass in a hill, harvest index, biomass in eaach plot, paddy yield per plot and paddy yield per hectare were measured and recorded. The results showed significant differencees between varieties for plant height, length of panicle, number of tillers per plant, number of seeds per panicle, number of filled empty seeds per panicle, biomass at hill and plot levels, paddy yield at plot and hectare levels. Indeed, significant differencees were found between plant densities for length of panicle, number of tillers per plant, number of seed per panicle, number of filled seeds per panicle, harvest index, biomass per plot, yields (plot and hectare). Interaction effects of genotype and plant densities were also found, indicating significant differences for the panicle length, 1000 seed weight, harvest index, biomass of plot, paddy yield (plot and hectare). The highest grain yield (4809 kg/ha) was obtained for the three seedling density in a hill. In respect of yield production, there was no significant differencees between all varieties that ranged from 3962 to 4714 kg/ha, except the line 338 where produced the lowest paddy yield (2859 kg/ha). Sepidrood variety with nine and one seedlings in each hill presented the highest and the lowest yield, 6226.6 and 1372.2 kg/ha, respectively, among the varieties tested. It is concluded that plant densities of one seedling per hill for Neda and nine seedlings per hill for Sepidroud varieties are recommended..

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Rice
  • Variety
  • Plant density
  • Physiological and morphological charateristics
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