اثر برخی عوامل بوم‌شناختی بر کمیت و کیفیت ماده مؤثره گیاه دارویی سنبله بادکنکی در منطقه تویسرکان

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مربی گروه زیست‌شناسی دانشگاه پیام نور تهران، ایران

2 سیدمهدی شاه‌گلزاری کارشناس محیط زیست اداره حفاظت محیط زیست تویسرکان، ایران

10.22034/aej.2016.524013

چکیده

چکیده   به منظور تعیین اثر برخی عوامل اکولوژیک بر اسانس گیاه دارویی سنبله بادکنکی،
چکیده  به منظور تعیین اثر برخی عوامل اکولوژیک بر اسانس گیاه دارویی سنبله بادکنکی،
نمونه­های گیاهی و خاک از هفت زیستگاه ویژه این گونه در زیستگاه­های مختلف خانگرمز، سرکان و سرابی در شهرستان تویسرکان جمع­آوری شد. بخش­های هوایی گیاه پس از خشک و آسیاب شدن، توسط روش تقطیر با آب اسانس­گیری شد. اسانس‌ تهیه شده با استفاده از دستگاه کروماتوگرافی گازی متصل به طیف­سنج مورد تجزیه و شناسایی قرار گرفت. برخی خصوصیات خاک نظیر بافت خاک، اسیدیته، هدایت الکتریکی، کربن آلی و مواد خنثی شونده اندازه­گیری شد. از روش رسته­بندی تجزیه افزونگی برای بررسی ارتباط عوامل محیطی و ترکیبات اسانس استفاده شد. تجزیه شیمیایی اسانس نمونه­ها منجر به تشخیص و شناسایی 23 ترکیب شیمیایی شد. ترکیبات caryophyllene oxide، e-citral، z-citral، spathulenol، ar-curcumine، 1,8-cineol، limonene و
α-terpineol به عنوان ترکیبات اصلی مشخص شدند. ترکیبات dibutylphtalate، isobutylphtalate، trans-caryophyllene، spathulenol، α-copaeneو cadinene-δ به طور مشترک در همه زیستگاه­های ویژه وجود داشت. ماده e-citral (geranial) و z-citral (neral) تنها در زیستگاه­های ویژه دو و هفت مشاهده شد. بیشترین بازده اسانس مربوط به زیستگاه ویژه سه با بیشترین ارتفاع از سطح دریا و کمترین بازده مربوط به زیستگاه ویژه شش با کمترین ارتفاع از سطح دریا بود. اسیدیته نمونه­های خاک در کلاس خنثی و بافت خاک در بیشتر زیستگاه­های ویژه در گروه بافت متوسط قرار گرفت. از بین عوامل اکولوژیک، بافت خاک و ارتفاع بیشترین تأثیر را بر کمیت و کیفیت ماده مؤثره این گونه در منطقه مورد مطالعه نشان داد.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of some ecological factors on quality and quantity of effective ingredient of Stachys inflate at Touyserkan region

نویسندگان [English]

  • Afagh Yavari 1
  • Seyed Mehdi Shahgolzari 2
1 Department of Biology Payame Noor University Tehran, Iran
2 Expert of Environmental Protection Department of Environment Touyserkan, Iran
چکیده [English]

ABSTRACT   Stachys inflata were collected plant and soil samples from seven especial stations in Khangormaz, Serka and Sarabi stations of Touyserkan, Iran. After drying and grindingessential oil from aerialparts of the species was obtained by hydrodistillation method. Essential oils were analyzed using GC/MS. Some soil parameters such as soil texture, pH, EC and etc. were measured in each sample. Redundancy analysis method was used to investigate the relationship between environmental factors and essential oil compounds. Essential oils chemical analysis led to be identified 23 chemical components. Caryophyllene oxide, e-citral, z-citral, spathulenol, ar-curcumine, 1,8-cineol, limonene and α-terpineol components were identified as the main components. In all special stations there were chemical compounds dibutylphtalate, isobutylphtalate, trans-caryophyllene, spathulenol, α-copaene and δ –cadinene jointly. The chemical composition of e-citral (geraniol) and z-citral (neral) was observed in second and seventh special stations. The highest oil yields related to the special station L3 with the highest altitude (2443 m) and the lowest yields related to special station L6 with the lowest altitude (2068 m). Acidity of soil samples were placed natural class and in the most especial stations, soil textures were category average texture group. Among the ecological factors, soil texture and altitude showed greatest impact on the quantity and quality of essential oil of these species in the study area.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • o essential oil
  • o Stachys
  • o hydro-distillation
  • o redundancy analysis
  • o habitat
  • o special station
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