مطالعۀ خصوصیات بوم‌شناختی نسترن وحشی و زالزالک با روش تجزیه تطبیقی متعارفی و قوس‌گیرشده در استان آذربایجان شرقی، ایران

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد مهندسی فضای سبز، دانشکده کشاورزی و دامپزشکی، واحد شبستر، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، شبستر، ایران

2 استادیار گروه فضای سبز، واحد شبستر، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، شبستر، ایران

10.22034/aej.2017.531217

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف مطالعه نیازهای رویشگاهی و خصوصیات اکولوژیکی دو گونه زینتی دارویی نسترن وحشی و زالزالک جهت توصیه و توسعه کاشت در فضای سبز شهری استان آذربایجانشرقی انجام شد. برای این منظور 52 نمونه خاک مربوط به گونه­ های مذکور از آذربایجان­شرقی برداشت و خصوصیات رویشگاهی و فیزیوگرافیکی از قبیل شیب، جهت و ارتفاع محل و نیز خصوصیات ادافیکی محل استقرار آنها شامل اسیدیته، شوری، بافت خاک، درصد آهک و عوامل حاصلخیزی آن مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. اطلاعات به دست آمده با نرم­افزارPC-ORD و بر مبنای تجزیه رگرسیون چندمتغیره و تجزیه تطبیقی متعارفی و قوس­گیر شده تجزیه و تحلیل شد. با افزایش فسفر خاک و کاهش میزان شیب، درصد پوشش زالزالک افزایش یافت و کمترین مقدار اسیدیته در نمونه­های خاک برداشت شده زالزالک بود. همچنین، مشخص شد که رویش نسترن وحشی و زالزالک بیشتر در جهت­های شمالی و در خاکهایی با بافت سبک با زهکشی بالا می­ باشد. این دو گیاه دارای نیازهای اکولوژیکی تقریباً یکسانی تشخیص داده شدند. بنابراین، با توجه به ویژگی­ های مشترک دو گیاه، می­ توان در فضاهای سبز داخل یا بیرون شهری از این دو گونه به صورت ترکیبی استفاده نمود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Autecological characteristics of dog rose and hawthorn in using canonical correspondence and detrended correspondence analysis in East Azerbaijan Province, Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Farokh Ahmadi nassab 1
  • Erfan Zolfeghari 2
1 Maser of of landscape Engineering, Shabestar Branch, Islamic Azad university, Shabestar, Iran
2 Assistant professor of landscape department, Shabestar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shabestar, Iran
چکیده [English]

This research aimed to study the needs of habitat and ecological characteristics of two species of medicinal ornamental plants included dog rose and hawthornusing multi-variale regression canonical correspondence (CCA) and detrended correspondence analysis (DCA) for development of urban green space in East Azerbaijan province. Totally, 52 of mentioned plants soil samples were collected from East Azerbaijan, Iran and their habitat and physiographical characteristics such as slope, orientation and altitude and edaphic characteristics of collection site such as pH, EC, soil texture, lime percentage and soil fertility factors were recorded. Collected ecological were analyzed using PC-ORD software based on multivariate regression analysis of CCA and DCA. Increasing of soil phosphorus and decreasing of slope tend to density of hawthorn. The least pH was found in hawthorn soils. Also, hawthorn and dog rose growing areas were in north orientation and in soils with light texture and high drainage. Both plants had almost the same ecological needs. Therefore they can be planted in landscapes of urban and downtown in combination.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • o ecology
  • o medicinal plants
  • o pH
  • o phosphorus
  • o slope
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