اثر ایندول‌استیک‌اسید و بنزیل‌آمینوپورین بر ویژگی‌های مورفوفیزیولوژیک بادرنجبویه

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی، واحد میانه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، میانه، ایران

10.22034/aej.2018.538786

چکیده

به منظور بررسی اثر تنظیم­ کننده­ های رشد گیاهی ایندول­ استیک­ اسید و بنزیل­ آمینوپورین بر صفات مورفولوژیک و فیزیولوژیک بادرنجبویه، آزمایشی مزرعه­ ای در قالب طرح بلوک‌های‌ کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار در شهرستان نمین استان اردبیل انجام گرفت. محلول ­پاشی با ایندول استیک ­اسید و بنزیل آمینوپورین در غلظت­ های 100، 200 و 300 میلی­ گرم بر لیتر انجام شد. محلول­پاشی باعث افزایش ارتفاع و طول شاخه شد. با این حال، رشد طولی شاخه با کاهش غلظت ایندول استیک اسید افزایش یافت. بالاترین غلظت بنزیل آمینوپورین و پایین  ترین غلظت ایندول استیک اسید بیشترین اثر افزایشی را بر محتوای کلروفیل برگ داشتند. استفاده از ایندول استیک اسید باعث افزایش قطر تاج پوشش گیاه شده و افزایش غلظت ایندول استیک اسید ارتباط مستقیم با قطر سایه ­انداز گیاه داشت. با افزایش میزان ایندول استیک اسید از تعداد گره ساقه کاسته شد. افزایش غلظت بنزیل آمینوپورین باعث افزایش تعداد شاخساره­های جانبی تولیدی شد. در وزن تر و خشک شاخساره، غلظت­ های بالای بنزیل آمینوپورین و ایندول استیک اسید اثر افزایشی مثبتی در مقایسه با شاهد نشان دادند. محلول­پاشی با بنزیل آمینوپورین اثر افزایشی بهتری در مقایسه با ایندول استیک اسید بر تعداد برگ داشت. بنابراین، استفاده از ایندول ­استیک ­اسید و بنزیل­ آمینوپورین در کشت و پرورش بادرنجبویه می­ تواند به عنوان یک راه­کار مناسب برای افزایش محصول در نظر گرفته شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of IAA and BAP on morphophysiological traits of lemon balm

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahsa Valiyari
  • Hassan Nourafcan
Horticultural Sciences Department, Miyaneh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Miyaneh, Iran
چکیده [English]

To investigate the effect of indole acetic acid (IAA) and benzyl amino purine (BAP) on morphological and physiological traits of lemon balm, an experiment was conducted in a randomized complete block design with three replications in farm condition at Namin county, Ardebil province, Iran. Spraying was done using IAA and BAP in the rates of 100, 200 and 300 ppm. Application of IAA and BAP promoted plant height and branches length. However, the branches length was increased in low IAA concentrations. Leaf chlorophyll content was in maximum at 300 ppm of BAP and 100 ppm of IAA. Application of IAA increased canopy diameter. More IAA concentrations increased shadow diameter. Increasing in IAA concentrations caused reduction in node number. Number of lateral shoots increased in high concentration of BAP in addition, more plant biomass was produced in high concentrations of BAP and IAA. Foliar application of BAP caused increasing in number of leaf comparing IAA. Therefore, application of IAA and BAP can be considered as an appropriate option to improve yield in lemon balm.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  •  auxin
  •  benzyl adenine
  •  cytokinin
  •  plant hormone
  •  plant growth regulator
  1. Akbari Nodehi D, Khademi Shormasty H, Cherati Araei A, Shirdel Shahmiri F, Rezaei Sokht Abandani R, Fahimi borkhali N (2014) Effect of deficit irrigation and different levels of nitrogen fertilizer on some quantitative and qualitative properties of lemon balm. Journal of Crops Improvement (Journal of Agriculture) 16(1): 11-21. [in Persian with English abstract]
  2. Arteca RN (1996) Plant growth substance: Principles and applications. Chapman and Hall: London.
  3. Azizi S, Mohebalipour N, Zare N (2013) The effect of BAP and NAA on morphological traits and citral concentration of lemongrass in in vitro conditions. Proceedings of the 8th Biotechnology Conference of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the 4th National Bioethics Conference. Tehran, Iran. [in Persian]
  4. Bagheri A, Saffari M (2004) In vitro culture of higher plants. Ferdowsi University press: Mashhad. [in Persian]
  5. Balogun MO, Akande SR, Ogunbodede BA (2007) Effects of plant growth regulators on callus, shoot and root formation in fluted pumpkin (Telfairia occidentalis). African Journal of Biotechnology 6(4): 355-358.
  6. Bohidar S, Thirunavokkarasu M, Rao TV (2008) Effect of plant growth regulators on in vitro micro propagation of garden rue (Ruta graveogens L.). International Journal of Integrative Biology 3(1): 36-43.
  7. Bolandi AR, Hamidi H, Rezagholy AA (2016) Effects of culture media and growth regulators on propagation of rootstock GF677 in tissue culture conditions. Journal of Plant Researches (Iranian Journal of Biology) 29(1): 1-14. [in Persian with English abstract]
  8. Chayani SH, Ershadi A, Sarikhani H (2015) Effect of soybean oil and NAA on delaying bud break and reducing spring low temperature damage in grape cv. Fakhri. Journal of Crops Improvement (Journal of Agriculture) 17(2): 357-371. [in Persian with English abstract]
  9. Dasilva S, Sato A, Salgueiro Lage CL, Da Silva San Gil RA, Almeide Azevedo D, Esquibel MAJ (2005) Essential oil composition of Melissa officinalis L. in vitro produced under the influence of growth regulators. Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society 16(6): 1387-1390.
  10. Farooqi AHA, Shukla A, Sharma S, Khan A (2008) Effect of plant age and GA3 on artemisinin and essential oil yield in Artemisia annua L.. Journal of Herbs, Spices and Medicinal Plants 4(1): 73-80.
  11. Fathi GH, Esmaeilpour B (2012) Plant growth substances: principles and applications. Jahad Daneshgahi of Mashhad: Mashhad. [in Persian]
  12. George EF (1993) Plant propagation by tissue culture. Educational Book Agency: New Delhi.
  13. Gersani M, Lips SH, Sachs T (1980) The influence of shoots, roots and hormones on sucrose distribution. Journal of Experimental Botany 31 (3): 177-184.
  14. Gheysvandi R, Matloobi M, Zaare-Nahandi F (2014) Effect of CPPU growth regulator on quantitative and qualitative characteristics of cut rose (Rosa hybrida cv. Avalanche). Journal of Science and Technology of Greenhouse Culture Soilless Culture Research Center 5(19): 147-154. [in Persian with English abstract]
  15. Gifford RM, Evans LT (1981) Photosynthesis, carbon partitioning and yield. Annual Review of Plant Physiology 32: 485-509.
  16. Gorgini Shabankareh H, Fakheri BA, Mohammadpuor Vashvaii R (2016) Effects of different levels of salinity and drought stress on growth parameters and essential oil of lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.). Iranian Journal of Field Crop Science 46(4): 673-686. [in Persian with English abstract]
  17. Hoseinpanahi S, Majdi M, Mirzaghaderi GH (2016) Effects of growth regulators on in vitro callogenesis and regeneration of black cumin (Nigella sativa). Iranian Journal of Rangelands and Forests plant Breeding and Genetic Research 24(2): 232-242. [in Persian with English abstract]
  18. Iranbakhsh AR, Ebadi M, Majd A (2007) The study on effects of some growth regulators on vegetative function and production in parthenocarpic cucumber (Cucumis sativa L.) in greenhouse. Journal of Sciences (Islamic Azad University) 17(66): 101-120. [in Persian with English abstract]
  19. Karimi A, Tajbakhsh M, Amirniya R, Eivazi AR (2013) The effect of some plant growth inducers on yield and yield components of corn (Zea mays L.). Journal of Plant Production 20(2): 161-177. [in Persian with English abstract]
  20. Kaya C, Kirnak H, Higgs D (2001) Enhancement of growth and normal growth parameters by foliar application of potassium and phosphorus in tomato cultivars grown at high (NaCl) salinity. Journal of Plant Nutrition 24(2): 357-367.
  21. Koochaki A, Sarmadnia GH (2013) Plant Physiology. Jahad Daneshgahi of Ferdowsi University: Mashhad. [in Persian]
  22. Leopold AC, Kawase M (1964) Benzyladenine effects on bean leaf growth and senescence. American Journal of Botany 51(3): 294-298.
  23. Li JJ, Wu YM, Wang T, Liu JX (2009) In vitro direct organogenesis and regeneration of Medicago sativa L.. Biologia Plantarum 53(2): 325-328.
  24. Machackova I, Zazimalova E, George EF (2008) Plant growth regulators I: introduction; auxins, their analogues and inhibitors. In Plant Propagation by Tissue Culture. Springer: Berlin.
  25. Majd A, Ebadi M (1997) Plant development: The cellular basis. Morvarid press: Tehran. [in Persian]
  26. Mansseri-Lamrioui A, Louerguioui A, Bonaly J, Yakoub-Bougdal S, Allili N, Gana-Kebbouche S (2011) Proliferation and rooting of wild cherry: The influence of cytokinin and auxin types and their concentration. African Journal of Biotechnology 10(43): 8613-8624.
  27. Mikaeili Y (2016) Effect of IAA and BAP on morphophysiological characteristics of evening primrose (Oenothera biennis L.) in pot condition. Master Thesis, Islamic Azad University, Miyaneh Branch, Faculty of Agriculture: Miyaneh, Iran. [in Persian with English abstract]
  28. Mohebalipur N, Aharizad S, Mohammadi S, Motallebiazar A, Arefi H (2011) Effect of plant growth regulators BAP and IAA on micropropagation of Iranian lemon balm (Melisa officinalis L.). Journal of Food Agriculture Enviroment. 10(1): 280-286.
  29. Mojtahedi M, Lesani H (2011) Green plant life. Tehran University press: Tehran. [in Persian]
  30. Mortezavi SM, Tavakoli A, Mohammadi MH, Afsahi K (2015) Effect of superabsorbent on physiological traits and wheat Azar2 cultivar under dry farming condition. Agronomy Journal (Pajouhesh and Sazandegi) 106: 118-125. [in Persian with English abstract]
  31. Neamati H, Azizi M, Mohammadi S, Karimpour S (2014) The study on the effect of spraying with different concentrations of vermicompost extract (vermiwash) on the morphological traits, yield and percentage of essential oil of lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.). Journal of Horticulture Science 27(4): 411-417. [in Persian with English abstract]
  32. Omidbaigi R (2005) Production and processing of medicinal plants, 1rd volume. Astan-e Qods publishing: Mashhad. [in Persian]
  33. Rafeekher M, Nair SA, Sorte PN, Hatwar GP, Chandan PM (2002) Effect of growth regulators on growth and yield of summer cucumber. Journal of Soils and Crops 12: 108-110.
  34. Sadeghpour S, Naseri LA (2014) Effect of chitosan on in vitro proliferation of grape Bidaneh Ghermez cultivar. Agricultural Crop Managment (Journal of Agriculture) 16(3): 653-661. [in Persian with English abstract]
  35. Safiyan N, Naderi MR, Shams M, Darkhal H (2011) Investigation of nutrition of microfiber leaf on growth and yield of kernel corn (single crossover 302) in Isfahan region. Proceedings of the Fifth National Conference on New Ideas in Agriculture. Khurasgan, Iran. [in Persian]
  36. Salimy shandy M (2014) Influence of foliar application of kinetin on growth characteristics and essence component of basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) under salt stress. Master Thesis, Islamic Azad University, Miyaneh Branch, Faculty of Agriculture: Miyaneh, Iran. [in Persian with English abstract]
  37. Tavares AC, Pimenta MC, Gonalves MT (1996) Micropropagation of Melissa officinalis L. through proliferation of axillary shoot. Plant cell Reports 15(6): 441-444.
  38. Wake G, Court J, Pickering A, Lewis R, Wilkins R, Perry E (2000) CNS acetylcholine receptor activity in European medicinal plants traditionally used to improve failing memory. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 69(2): 105-114.
  39. Zaferanchi SH, Saffari M, Saffari VR, Mohammadinejad GH (2010) Evaluation of plant growth regulators effects, naphthalene acetic acid and Benzyl amino purine on yield and some traits of four sesame genotypes. Crop Production in Environmental Stress 2(3,4): 49-62. [in Persian with English abstract]