اثر کاربرد کود دامی بر تحمل ارقام ذرت دانه‌ای به تنش خشکی در شرایط اقلیمی ایرانشهر

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، واحد ایرانشهر، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ایرانشهر، ایران

10.22034/aej.2018.544494

چکیده

به منظور بررسی واکنش ذرت دانه‌ای تحت تنش خشکی به کاربرد کودهای دامی آزمایشی در قالب طرح کرت‌های دوباره خردشده بر پایه بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی در منطقه ایرانشهر اجرا شد. تنش خشکی شامل قطع آبیاری در دو مرحله گل‌دهی و دوره پرشدن دانه اعمال شد. در این آزمایش چهار رقم ذرت دانه­ ای شامل SC704، SC540، SC647 و ماکسیما و کود دامی شامل کود گوسفندی و مرغی به ترتیب به میزان 10 و 5 تن در هکتار استفاده شد. ارتفاع بوته، تعداد دانه در ردیف، قطر بلال، وزن هزار دانه، عملکرد دانه در زمان برداشت فیزیولوژیک گیاه اندازه‌گیری شدند. همچنین، شاخص‌های تحمل شامل شاخص حساسیت به تنش، شاخص تحمل، شاخص تحمل به تنش، میانگین هندسی بهره ­وری و شاخص میانگین بهره­وری محاسبه شدند. قطع آبیاری به ویژه در مرحله گلدهی بر کلیه صفات مورد بررسی در هر چهار رقم تأثیر کاهنده معنی‌داری داشت. هیبرید 704 بیشترین تحمل به خشکی را در شرایط آب و هوایی ایرانشهر از خود نشان داد. مصرف کود مرغی در تنش خشکی در مرحله گلدهی نسبت به کود گوسفندی موجب افزایش عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد ذرت رقم 704 شد. شاخص حساسیت به تنش، شاخص تحمل، شاخص تحمل به تنش، میانگین هندسی بهره­وری و شاخص میانگین بهره وری رقم 704 را به عنوان رقم متحمل به تنش معرفی نمودند. بنابراین، استفاده از کود مرغی برای دستیابی به عملکرد مطلوب در ذرت رقم 704 در شرایط تنش خشکی توصیه‌ می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of manure on tolerance of maize cultivars to drought stress in Iranshahr climate condition

نویسندگان [English]

  • Amir Behzadi asl
  • s. mahdi javadzadeh
Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Iranshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Iranshahr, Iran
چکیده [English]

To investigate the reaction of maize under drought stress to the application of manure, an experiment was conducted as split split plot based on randomized complete block design in Iranshahr, Iran. Drought stress included irrigation cut-off in two flowering and seed filling stages. Maize genotypes consisted of SC704, SC540, and SC647, and Maxima cv. and sheep and poultry were applied with the amounts of 10 and 5 t/ha. Plant height, number of seeds per row, ear diameter, 1000 grain weight, and seed yield were measured at physiological harvesting time. Tolerance indices including   Stress Susceptibility Index (SSI),  Tolerance Index (TOL), Stress Tolerance Index (STI) ,  Geometric mean productivity (GMP), , and Mean Productivity Index (MPI)  were measured  . Irrigation cuttings had a meaningful declining effect on all studied traits in all four cultivars especially   in flowering stage. SC704 hybrid showed the highest drought tolerance to Iranshahr weather conditions.Compared to sheep manure, application of poultry manure increased yield and yield components of maize cultivar 704 in drought stress in flowering stage.  SSI, STI, STI, GMP, TOL, and MPI introduced the SC704 maize hybrid as stress tolerance indices.Therefore, the use of poultry manure is recommended to achieve optimal yield in maize SC704 under drought stress conditions.

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  •  corn hybrids  Maxima  stress tolerance  water stress
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