خصوصیات مورفوفیزیولوژیک، بیوشیمیایی، عملکرد و ترکیب اسانس چای‌کوهی جمع‌آوری شده از مرند، ایران

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی، واحد مرند، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، مرند، ایران

10.22034/aej.2018.545781

چکیده

چای کوهی از تیره نعناع با خواص درمانی متعدد در مناطق مختلف ایران رویش دارد. در این پژوهش، نمونه ­های گیاهی از چای کوهی در اواخر بهار از سه منطقه ارلان، گلجار و نوجه ­ده  شیخلر شهرستان مرند، جمع­ آوری و خصوصیات جغرافیایی رویشگاه ثبت شد. برخی صفات مورفوفیزیولوژیکی مانند طول ساقه، وزن تر و خشک گیاه، محتوای کلروفیل a و b و کل و نیز میزان سدیم، پتاسیم، کلسیم، منیزیم و فسفر و نیز عملکرد و ترکیبات اسانس و خاصیت آنتی ­اکسیدانی آن اندازه­ گیری شد. داده­ ها براساس طرح کاملاً تصادفی تجزیه و تحلیل شدند. میزان  منیزیم در گلجار، فسفر و طول ساقه در نوجه­ ده­ شیخلر، سدیم، وزن تر و میزان کلروفیل a، b در ارلان نسبت به دو منطقه دیگر بیشتر بود. میزان فعالیت ­آنتی­ اکسیدانی در همه نمونه ­ها یکسان بود. نمونه چای کوهی جمع ­آوری شده از ارلان نسبت به دو منطقه دیگر دارای سدیم بیشتری در اندام­ های گیاهی بود که می­ توان به بالا بودن میزان جرماکرین ­دی در این منطقه نسبت داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Morpho-physiological, biochemical, yield and composition of essential oils of woundwort collected from Marand, Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Partovi Marand
  • Alireza Tabatabei Raisi
  • Shahram Baghban Siros
Department of Agriculture, Marand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Marand, Iran
چکیده [English]

Woundwort (Stachys Lavandofolia Vahl.) is a lamiaceous plant growing frequently in Iran.  Woundwortsamples were collected from three habitats including Erelan, Golajar and Nojehdeh Sheikhlar located in Marand, Iran in late spring and their geographical characteristics were recorded. Some morphological and physiological traits such as stem length, plant fresh and dry weight, chlorophyll a,b and total chlorophull content, and biochemical characteristics including Na, K, Ca, Mg and P content and also yield and essential oils yield and composition were measured. Obtained data were analyzed based on completely randomized design. The amount of Mg in Goljar, stem length in Nojedeh Sheikhlar, Na and fresh weight and chlorophyll a and b content in Erlan were in maximum value.  Anti-oxidan activity was the same in all habitats. Wounworts collected from Erlanhad more Na content comparing other habitats which can be related to higher germacren D in plant tissues collected from this region.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  •  Antioxidant activity
  •  Ecotype
  •  Medicinal Plants
  •  Stachys lavandofolia
  1. Arnon DI (1949) Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplasts. Polyphenoloxidase in Beta vulgaris. Plant Physiology 24(1): 1-15.
  2. Belander A (1995) Population structure of the Thymus vulgaris (Labiatea) in Southern France. Evolution Biology 10:157-174.
  3. Burits M, Bucar F (2000) Antioxidant activity of Nigella sativa essential oil. Phytotheraphy Research 14: 328–323.
  4. Davies KW, Bates JD, Miller RF (2005) Vegetation characteristics across part of the wyoming big sagebrush alliance. Rangeland Ecology and Management 59: 567–576.
  5. Fikjori M (2013) Investigating the effect of altitude from sea level on morphological characteristics of Digital nervosa. Proceedings of the Third National Conference on Medicinal Plant. Amol, Iran. [in Persian]
  6. Ghani A, Nemati SH, Azizi M, Saharkhiz MJ, Farsi M (2014) The study of extract biochemical variations contents some of spearmint (Mentha spicata L.) population. Journal of Horticulture Science 4(27): 433-443. [in Persian with English abstract]
  7. Ghasemi Pirbalouti A, Mohammadi M (2013) Phytochemical composition of the essential oil of different populations of Stachys lavandulifolia Vahl. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 3(2): 123-128.
  8. Habibi H, Mazaheri F, Hosseini M, Chaychi N, Tabatabaei F (2006) Effect of altitude on essential oil and components in wild thyme (Thymus kotschyanus Boiss) Taleghan region. Journal of Research and Development in Agriculture and Horticulture 73:1-10. [in Persian with English abstract]
  9. Hasany J (2004) Investigation of  ecological characteristics of two aromatic genus (Thymus and Ziziphora) in Kurdistan province. Iranian Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Research 20(1): 1-17. [in Persian with English abstract]
  10. Hedge I, Rechinger KH (1982) Flora Iranica Akademiche Druck-u Verlagsanstalt. Graz: Austria 150: 360-365.
  11. Hosseini Mazinani M, Tajali A, Gandomkar A, Roshandelpour A (2013) Variability in chemical constituent of the essential oil of two species of Stachys genus from Iran. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences 5(22): 2773-2776. [in Persian with English abstract]
  12. Kargar M, Jafarian Z, Tamartash R, Alavi SJ (2015) Investigating the relationship between functional characteristics of Stachys lavandulifolia Vahl. with some soil and topographic properties in Angemar rangeland. Lasem watershed. Journal of Rangeland 8(4):342-350. [in Persian with English abstract]
  13. Kartsev VG, Stepanislenko NN, Auelbekov SA (1994) Chemical composition and pharmacological properties the genus stachys. Chemistry of Natural Compounds 30:645-654.
  14. khorasaninejad S, Chorley S, Hemmati KH, Kashefi B (2016) Study of morphological, antioxidant and essential oil content of Stachys lavandulifolia Vahl. in the habitats of the provinces of Semnan, Khorasan. Journal of Plant Physiology 41(11): 52-41. [in Persian with English abstract]
  15. Malekoty MJ, Farmer P, Karmin N (2008) The Method Community For the Detection and Development of Fertilizer for Sustainable Agriculture. Publication of Tarbiat Modarres University: Tehran. [in Persian]
  16. Marschner H (1995) Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants. 2nd Ed, Academic Press: London.
  17. Omidbaigi R (1998) Approaches to Production and Processing of Medicinal Plants, Vol two. Tarrahan-e Nashr Publication:Tehran. [in Persian]
  18. Remzi L, Sümer A, Yasemin K (2008) Determination of some micro and macro elements of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) Plants after addition of olive oil solid waste to soil. Proceedings of International Meeting on Soil Fertility Land Management and Agroclimatology. İzmir, Turkey.
  19. Rezvani-Moghadam P, Amin Ghafuri A, Bakhshaei SA, Jaafari L (2013) Effects of biological and manure fertilizers on some quantitative characters and essential oil of savory (Satureja hortensis L.). Journal of Agroecology 5(2): 105-112. [in Persian with English abstract]
  20. Rechinger KH, Hedge I (1982) Iranica Akamiche Druk Verlagsanstalt. Graz: Austria 360-365.
  21. Sajjadi I, Amiri H (2007) Chemical constituents of the essential oils of different stages of the growth of Stachys lavandulifolia Vahl. from Iran. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 10(16): 2784-2786.
  22. Schutz M, Fangmeir E (2001) Growth and yield responses of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. Minaret) to elevated CO2 and water limitation. Environmental Pollution 114: 187-194.
  23. Semnani M, Akbarzadeh K (2006) Essential oils composition of Stachys byzantine, S. inflata, S. lavandofolia vahl and S.laxa from Iran. Journal of Flavor and Fragrance 21:300-303.
  24. Skaltsa HD, Mavrommati A, Costantidis T (2010) A chemotaxonomic investigation of volatile constituents in Stachys subsect Swainsonianeae . Journal of Algal Biomass and Bioproducts 57(2): 235-244.
  25. Shafizadeh F (2002) Medicinal plants of Lorestan province. Hayian puplisher: Tehran. [in Persian with English abstract]
  26. Soltanipour MA (2004) The phenology of medicine species of Salvia mirzayanii in several elevation regions of Hormozgan province. Journal of Pazhohesh and Sazandegi 17(4):94-103. [in Persian with English abstract]
  27. Zgallai H, Steppe K, Lemeur R (2006) Effects of different levels of water stress on leaf water potential, stomatal resistance, protein and chlorophyll content and certain anti oxidative enzymes in Tomato plants. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology 48(6): 679-685