تأثیر سطوح مختلف پتاسیم و نیتروژن بر کارآیی نیتروژن و محتوای برخی عناصر غذایی رازیانه شیرین

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران

10.22034/aej.2019.665193

چکیده

به منظور ارزیابی اثر سطوح مختلف نیتروژن و پتاسیم بر کارآیی مصرف، جذب و استفاده از نیتروژن و محتوای عناصر غذایی نیتروژن، پتاسیم، فسفر، کلسیم و منیزیم در رازیانه شیرین، آزمایشی به صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی در سه تکرار در مزرعه تحقیقاتی دانشگاه زنجان اجرا شد. کودهای مورد استفاده شامل مقادیر 50، 100 و 150 کیلوگرم  نیتروژن و پتاسیم در هکتار از منبع اوره و سولفات پتاسیم بودند. کاربرد نیتروژن و پتاسیم بر شاخص­های کارآیی نیتروژن و غلظت عناصر نیتروژن، پتاسیم، کلسیم، فسفر و منیزیم تاثیر معنی­داری داشت. افزایش سطوح نیتروژن، کارآیی مصرف، جذب و استفاده از نیتروژن را کاهش داد. با افزایش غلظت پتاسیم، کارآیی نیتروژن نیز افزایش یافت. کاربرد کود نیتروژنه و پتاسیمی میزان غلظت عناصر نیتروژن، پتاسیم و فسفر را در بافت غده افزایش داد. غلظت کلسیم و منیزیم با افزایش سطوح نیتروژن افزایش یافت و کاربرد پتاسیم باعث کاهش غلظت کلسیم و منیزیم در بافت غده گردید. با توجه به دوره رشد کوتاه رازیانه شیرین، جهت بهبود کارآیی نیتروژن در گیاه، کاربرد سطوح پایین نیتروژن توصیه می­ گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of different nitrogen and potassium levels on nitrogen efficiency and some nutrient contents of sweet fennel

نویسندگان [English]

  • Samira Mohammadi
  • Taher Barzegar
  • Zahra Ghahremani
Department of Horticultural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran
چکیده [English]

To investigate the effects of different nitrogen and potassium fertilizer rates on nitrogen use efficiency (NUE), nitrogen uptake efficiency (NUPE), nitrogen utilization efficiency (NUTE) and N, K, P, Ca and Mg nutrient contents in sweet fennel, a factorial experiment was conducted based on randomized completely block design with three replications in University of Zanjan, Iran. The applied fertilizers included 50, 100, and 150 kg/ha of N and K from urea and potassium sulfate sources, respectively. N and K application had significant effect on NUE and N, P, Ca, P, and Mg contents. Increasing nitrogen application rate levels desreased NUE, NUPE, and NUTE. Increasing of K application rate caused increment of N efficiency. Application of N and K fertilizers increased N, K and P concenterations on bulb tissue. Increasing N application rates resulted in more Ca and Mg concentrations, but application of K decreased Ca and Mg contents in bulb tissue. Regarding short growing period of sweet fennel, lower rates of N fertilizer is recommended to improve NUE.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  •  calcium content
  •  Magnesium content
  •  nitrogen uptake efficiency
  •  nitrogen use efficiency
  •  phosphor content
 

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