اثر برخی حاصلخیزکننده های آلی خاک بر عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد جو

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

مرکز تحقیقات کشت های تلفیقی، گروه کشاورزی، واحد اسلامشهر، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اسلامشهر، ایران

10.22034/aej.2019.1873806.1106

چکیده

حاصلخیزی کافی خاک یکی از ضروریات اصلی برای افزایش تولید گیاه جو است. به‌منظور بررسی اثر کودهای مختلف آلی بر عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد جو رقم ریحان، پژوهشی به‌صورت بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با 16 ترکیب کودی در سه تکرار انجام شد و صفات مورفولوژیک و اجزای عملکرد اندازه‌گیری شد. تیمارهای آزمایشی شامل سرکه چوب 5 ، 10 و 15 در هزار به ‌صورت مصرف خاکی، آزوکمپوست، زئولیت، سرکه چوب 5، 10 و 15 در هزار به‌صورت محلول‌پاشی، سرکه چوب 5 و 10 در هزار + آزوکمپوست، سرکه چوب 5 و 10 در هزار + زئولیت، اسید هیومیک، سرکه چوب 5 و 10 در هزار + اسید هیومیک بودند. کاربرد  سرکه چوب  5 در هزار+ زئولیت سبب افزایش معنی­دار سطح برگ و وزن خشک گیاه گردید. همچنین، استفاده از سرکه چوب 10 در هزار+ زئولیت سبب افزایش معنی­دار طول خوشه و عملکرد دانه گیاه گردید. توصیه می­شود محلول­پاشی با سرکه چوب 10 در هزار به همراه زئولیت در زراعت جو مورد استفاده قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of some organic fertilizers on yield and yield components of barley

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hossein Zahedi
  • Younes Sharghi
Integrated Cropping Research Center, Agriculture Department, Islamic Azad University, Islamshahr Branch, Islamshahr, Iran
چکیده [English]

Sufficient soil fertilization is one of the main requirements for production of barley improvment. To study the effect of different organic fertilizers on yield and yield components of barley cv. Reyhan, an experiment was conducted based on randomized complete block design with three replications with 16 fertilizer compounds. Barley morphological traits, yield and yield components were measured. Treatments were included wood vinegar, 5, 10, and 150/00 as soil application, azocompost, zeolite, wood vinegar, 5, 10, and 150/00 as foliar spraying, wood vinegar, 5 and 100/00 + azocompost, wood vinegar, 5 and 100/00 + zeolite, humic acid, wood vinegar, 5 and 100/00 + humic acid. Application of wood vinegar at 50/00 rate + zeolite significantly increased leaf area and plant dry weight. Also, using vinegar at 100/00 rate + zeolite significantly increased spike length and grain yield. Application of vinegar at the rate of 100/00 with zeolite is recommended in barley cultivation.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • azocompost
  • Humic acid
  • wood vinegar
  • zeolite
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