اثر تنش شوری بر صفات مرتبط با جوانه‏ زنی کینوا (.Chenopodium quinoa Willd)

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

10.22034/aej.2019.673021

چکیده

شوری یکی از مهمترین تنش ­های غیرزنده بوده که سبب کاهش عملکرد گیاهان زراعی می ­شود. گیاه کینوا اهمیت زیادی در تغذیه انسان داشته و مقاومت بالایی به تنش شوری دارد. به ­منظور بررسی اثرات تنش شوری بر خصوصیات جوانه ­­زنی رقم Q26 کینوا، آزمایشی به ­صورت طرح کاملاً تصادفی با چهار تکرار اجرا گردید. تیمارهای آزمایش شامل غلظت ­های مختلف کلریدسدیم (0 ،4 ،8 ،12 ،16 ،20 ،30 ، 40 دسی­ زیمنس بر متر) بر خصوصیات جوانه ­زنی بذر کینوا تحت شرایط آزمایشگاهی بود. شوری اثرات نامطلوبی برصفات مورد مطالعه مانند درصد و سرعت جوانه ­زنی، طول ساقه­ چه و ریشه ­چه، وزن خشک ساقه ­چه و ریشه ­چه، نسبت ساقه ­چه به ریشه­ چه، یکنواختی جوانه­ زنی و مدت زمان لازم جهت رسیدن به 50% جوانه ­زنی داشت. درصد جوانه ­زنی بین تیمار شاهد تا غلظت 30 دسی ­زیمنس بر متر از نظر آماری تفاوتی نداشت ولی در غلظت 40 دسی ­زیمنس بر متر کاهش و به 75% رسید. با افزایش سطوح شوری مدت زمان لازم جهت جوانه ­زنی 50% بذر، افزایش معنی ­داری داشت. سرعت جوانه ­زنی نیز به ­طور معنی ­داری تحت تأثیر سطوح شوری کاهش یافت. نسبت ساقه­ چه به ریشه­ چه با افزایش شوری تا غلظت 20 دسی­ زیمنس بر مترکاهش یافت ولی در غلظت 30 دسی ­زیمنس بر متر به حداکثر رسید. نتایج نشان داد که رقم Q26 کینوا در مرحله جوانه ­زنی، شوری 30 دسی ­زیمنس می ­تواند تحمل نماید. بنابراین می­ توان عنوان کرد که این رقم مقاومت خوبی تا غلظت 30 دسی ­زیمنس بر متر کلرید سدیم داشته و می ­تواند پس از ارزیابی مزرعه ­ای و با توجه به شرایط اقلیمی مناسب رقم مطلوبی برای کشت در شرایط شور باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of salinity stress on traits related to germination of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.)

چکیده [English]

Salinity is one of the most abiotic stress that cased reduce the yield of crops. Quinoa has role importance in human nutrition and have a high resistance to salinity stress. In order to investigate the effects of salinity stress on germination characteristics of quinoa cultivar Q26, experiment was conducted based a complete randomized design (CRD) with four replication. The treatments consisted of different concentrations of sodium chloride (NaCl) (0,4, 8,12,16,20, 30and40 dS/m) on the germination seed of quinoa under laboratory conditions. Salinity haveundesirable effects ontraits study such as germination percentage, germination rate, shoot and root length, shoot and root dry weight, stem-to-root ratio (Coefficient of Allometry), germination uniformity and time to 50 percent germination.The percent germinationsignificantly reduce in 30 dS/m salinity,but many traits reduced in concentration 40 dS/m of NaCl. The percentage of germination was not significant between control and 30 dS/m treatment, but at 40 dS/m concentration reduced to 75 percent. With increase salinity levels, time to 50 percent germination increased significantly. Germination rate also reduced significantly by salinity levels.The shoot-to-root ratio decreased with increasing salinity up to 20 dS/m but reached a maximum at 30 dS/m The results showed that quinoa cultivar Q26 has high resistance to salinity stress in germination stage,therefore it can be said that thiscultivar have a good resistance to 30 dS/mof sodium chlorideand can be thebest cultivar for saline conditionafter field evaluation and appropriate climate.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  •  Chenopodium quinoa
  •  Germination percent
  •  Germination rate
  •  Salinity level
  •  Stress
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